Investing Strategy Stock Analysis

Doing Business In Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia has had a period of relatively high growth and economic progress over the past few years. It is predicted to grow by at least 3% for the next couple of years.

With 50% of Saudis under 25 years old the Saudi population is one of the fastest growing in the world. The current population of over 28 million is expected to increase to 29 million by 2020. The large youth population generally lacks the education and technical skills the private sector needs.

Massive investment will be required to meet the needs of this growing population. The Kingdom has substantially increased spending on employer led vocational training and education. This includes opening a number of new women’s colleges and the women only Princess Noura University.

The government is also encouraging foreign companies to invest in vocational and technical training in support of Saudisation.

The government’s budget for the 2015 fiscal year allocated the following to:

  • 25% to education and training
  • 19% to health and social development
  • 7.3% to infrastructure (a reduction of 5% on 2014 but still £11 billion)

The Saudi government is pursuing a strategy of economic diversification and reform to:

  • grow the private sector and reduce reliance on oil and gas
  • open up previously restricted industries to foreign investment
  • increase employment opportunities for Saudis

The government is also focused on getting private and foreign investment in important sectors such as:

  • petrochemicals
  • automobile assembly
  • biotechnology
  • other knowledge driven industries, particularly those involved in research and development and IT where there is an opportunity for knowledge transfer
Stock Analysis

Markets Flat in October as Banks Rise

Equity markets were stable over the month of October in euro terms as investors awaited the election of a new government and higher interest rates in the US. The STOXX® Global 1800 Index rose 0.6% for the month, while it posted a loss in dollar terms.

Speculation that US interest rates will rise in December and better-than-expected earnings releases in the industry helped banking shares rebound, according to strategists. At the other end, investors sold healthcare stocks on concern that a Democratic Party victory in the US elections would stymie earnings growth.

The STOXX® Europe 600 Index fell 1% in October, while the STOXX® USA 900 Index dropped 2%.

Banks, Greece on Top

The STOXX® Global 1800 Banks Index rose 6.7% in the month to lead gains among 19 sectors.

Investors have reassessed the outlook for global inflation and interest rates, with the futures market now all but predicting a 25-basis point hike in the Fed funds rate at the Federal Reserve’s meeting in December. Minutes from the September meeting of the Federal Open Market Committee, released Oct. 12, indicated that rates could rise “relatively soon.”

Most large US banks – from J.P. Morgan to Goldman Sachs – and European peers including Deutsche Bank reported earnings in October that beat analysts’ forecasts on higher trading revenue.

Gains in October were not strong enough to erase the sector’s losses in 2016. Investors have sold banking shares this year as they said that record-low interest rates will reduce profits and on concern about the levels of lenders’ capital and non-performing loans.

The STOXX® Global 1800 Automobiles & Parts Index came in second in October with a 3.6% increase, as figures showed an increase in European car sales. The STOXX® Global 1800 Basic Resources Index was the third-best performing industry with a 3.1% advance, as industrial metals continued to climb.

There was also a rebound in the battered-down markets of southern Europe, which helped pare some of their year-to-date declines. The STOXX® Greece Total Market Index led gains among 65 STOXX country indices, adding 5.6%. The STOXX® Spain Total Market Index and the STOXX® Italy Total Market Index followed with advances of more than 4.4% in the month.

In Spain, Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy managed to break a ten-month parliamentary deadlock to start his second term. Greece continues to negotiate new terms on its debt with international agencies. Investors are meanwhile waiting for the Dec. 4 referendum on Italy’s constitutional reform that is likely to decide the continuation of Prime Minister Matteo Renzi’s government.

Healthcare weak on US elections campaign

Sector performance during October was driven by expectations about the US Presidential elections result. The STOXX® Global 1800 Healthcare Index led losses with a 4.5% retreat as investors sold drug-makers’ shares citing concern that a victory for Democrat candidate Hillary Clinton would lead to caps on drugs prices and encourage competition from generic pharmaceutical companies.

The STOXX® Global 1800 Real Estate Index finished second from bottom in October with a 2.6% retreat. The STOXX® Global 1800 Telecommunications Index was the third-worst performing sector after losing 2%.

The STOXX® Belgium Total Market Index was the worst-performing country benchmark last month, dropping 5%. The STOXX® Israel Total Market Index and the STOXX® Finland Total Market Index followed, with losses of 4.5% and 3.9% respectively.